Patients, usually children, whose bones did not or are not developing properly, resulting in flat feet from birth, may require surgical intervention to separate fused bones (rare). Bodyweight management - if the patient is obese the doctor may advise him/her to lose weight. A significant number of obese patients with flat feet who successfully lose weight experience considerable improvement of symptoms. What are the possible complications of flat feet or fallen arches? As fallen arches can affect the way a person's body is aligned when standing, walking or running, the risk of subsequent pain in the hips, knees or ankles is significantly greater. Stiff sole- the sole of the shoe needs to be stiff to resist foot collapse. Many shoes are highly flexible, and this does not help stabilize a flat foot. When examining a shoe for purchase, try to bend the sole of the shoe. If it bends towards the middle of the shoe, then the shoe is too flexible. If the sole bends near the toes or the ball of the foot, then the shoe will be more supportive. Also, try to twist the shoe. Grab the front and back of the shoe and try to twist and wring it like a drying towel. The pathological hallmark of rheumatoid disease is destruction of articular cartilage and subchondral bone by synovial hyperplasia. This ectopic, inflamed and invading synovium is referred to as pannus. The normal synovial lining is 2-3 cell layers thick. In the diseased state it may be 10 cells thick with an infiltrate of macrophages, B lymphocytes, Th1 CD4+ lymphocytes, plasma cells and dendritic cells. As the synovium thickens, secretion of cytokines (the immunological signal peptides) and proteolytic enzymes such as the matrix metalloproteinases leads to the degradation of cartilage and bone. Bronchial disorders are conditions that effect the lungs. These conditions can range from mild to severe and may hinder common activities. Multitudes of men may experience or suffer the stress, embarrassment or pain of a curved penis during an erection, but few are willing to talk about it. However, exercises for a curved penis may help restore confidence, in addition to function. Curvature of the penis is generally caused by some kind of fibrosis or internal scarring, which does not allow areas of damaged tissue to stretch. Exercises can be performed in the privacy of one's home for effective relief. Dementia is a decline in cognitive functioning. Dementia that is caused by clogged arteries may be progressive and irreversible. According to MayoClinic.com, there is no cure for this type of dementia. Hubby is not really bothered about having a flat foot condition except for the pain associated with it. He says that Ichiro Suzuki, the famous Japanese outfielder for the Seattle Mariners Major League Baseball team, also has the flat foot condition, though he is not sure about it. Being flat-footed does not decrease foot speed. Infact, my hubby excels in outdoor sports activities like baseball, golf, and futsal. The arch is supported by many structures, some you can’t really change (bone stucture) but some you can alter (muscles and connective tissue/fascia) through certain techniques. Muscles can be strengthened/stretched and connective tissue can be manipulated with myofascial release to reduce tension. In more advanced cases, surgery may be needed to clean or repair the tendon, or fuse some of the joints of the foot into a corrected position. Most cases of flat feet are painless and do not cause any problems. The outlook for painful flat feet depends on the cause of the condition. Usually treatment is successful, regardless of the cause. Some causes of flat feet can be successfully treated without surgery if caught early, but occasionally, surgery is the last option to relieve pain. Tarsal Coalition - the bones of the foot fuse together in an unusual way, resulting in stiff and flat feet. Most commonly diagnosed during childhood. Reflexology is a complementary modality that will work well in conjunction with just about any medical treatment. It’s been found successful in relieving the pain that accompanies many pathologies and treatments. Flat feet are just one of many. In addition, don’t forget that with reflexology, the magic is in the details. For structural issues, I pay attention to the reflexes to all the spinal reflexes in addition to the reflexes to the legs, hips and knees, arms and shoulders. Plantar fasciitis is one of the more frustrating and frequently seen conditions of the foot and makes up approximately 25% of the injuries seen in runners. So to summarize, flat feet can be an extremely painful and debilitating condition that severely limit a person’s lifestyle. You can be born with flat feet or it may develop as you get older. Flat feet are very easy to diagnose and there are some very simple yet effective treatments. Again, even if flat feet don’t cause pain, they should still be treated in order to prevent problems from occurring in the future. You may require surgery to lengthen your Achilles tendon if you are unable to achieve proper flexibility in your Achilles tendon and calf muscles. You should exhaust all conservative care methods before undergoing Achilles tendon-lengthening surgery.